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8312
14-3-3 (pan) Antibody

14-3-3 (pan) Antibody #8312

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Storage:

Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

14-3-3 (pan) Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of total 14-3-3 protein. This antibody detects all known isoforms of mammalian 14-3-3 proteins (β/α, γ, ε, η, ζ/δ, θ/τ and σ) and is predicted to detect 14-3-3 homologs in other species.

Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:

Chicken, D. melanogaster, Xenopus, Zebrafish, S. cerevisiae, C. elegans

Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Met223 of human 14-3-3γ protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.

The 14-3-3 family of proteins plays a key regulatory role in signal transduction, checkpoint control, apoptotic and nutrient-sensing pathways (1,2). 14-3-3 proteins are highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed. There are at least seven isoforms, β, γ, ε, σ, ζ, τ, and η that have been identified in mammals. The initially described α and δ isoforms are confirmed to be phosphorylated forms of β and ζ, respectively (3). Through their amino-terminal α helical region, 14-3-3 proteins form homo- or heterodimers that interact with a wide variety of proteins: transcription factors, metabolic enzymes, cytoskeletal proteins, kinases, phosphatases, and other signaling molecules (3,4). The interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with their targets is primarily through a phospho-Ser/Thr motif. However, binding to divergent phospho-Ser/Thr motifs, as well as phosphorylation independent interactions has been observed (4). 14-3-3 binding masks specific sequences of the target protein, and therefore, modulates target protein localization, phosphorylation state, stability, and molecular interactions (1-4). 14-3-3 proteins may also induce target protein conformational changes that modify target protein function (4,5). Distinct temporal and spatial expression patterns of 14-3-3 isoforms have been observed in development and in acute response to extracellular signals and drugs, suggesting that 14-3-3 isoforms may perform different functions despite their sequence similarities (4). Several studies suggest that 14-3-3 isoforms are differentially regulated in cancer and neurological syndromes (2,3).

  1. Muslin, A.J. and Xing, H. (2000) Cell Signal 12, 703-9.
  2. Mackintosh, C. (2004) Biochem J 381, 329-42.
  3. Dougherty, M.K. and Morrison, D.K. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 1875-84.
  4. Yaffe, M.B. (2002) FEBS Lett 513, 53-7.
  5. Bridges, D. and Moorhead, G.B. (2004) Sci STKE 2004, re10.
Entrez-Gene Id
7529 , 7531 , 7533 , 7532 , 2810 , 10971 , 7534
Swiss-Prot Acc.
P31946 , P62258 , Q04917 , P61981 , P31947 , P27348 , P63104
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

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